How to cite an essay

The quotation is literally taken text from any source, whether it be at least a book or even someone’s speech.

Accordingly, quoting is the use of citations. Citing can be used in ordinary speech; it gives importance to what has been said and practically puts an end to attempts to disagree.

After all, few people will argue with the opinion of any reputable media or figures in a particular industry. But most often, of course, quoting is used when writing such works as essays and so on.

This is very useful, as it gives additional points and allows you to think less because in the quotation everything is formulated for you.

Another plus of quoting is that it helps to gain volume. Since in addition to your opinion, you are still writing someone else’s, but similar to yours. You write the same thing twice, but there will be no complaints about you.

Note that the dot is placed outside the quotation marks, but an exclamation and question mark is placed inside.

It happens that the quote must not be fully quoted. That is, either at the beginning, or in the middle, or at the end, there are unnecessary words that do not carry a semantic load. In this case, they should not be written.

You can also quote something as evidence of your point of view. Using quotes always puts you in a favorable position in the eyes of the reader. This creates an image of a well-read and educated person, and few can reproduce some statements from memory.

But the quotation is not all proof, and it is only a confirmation of the correctness of what you cite as evidence. Do not forget to say a few more words about your position beside the quote.

Do not use quoting too often. Two or three times is the maximum. And do not forget to give your opinion.

Citing is a very profitable technique. If writing quotes is applied in the right circumstances in accordance with the rules, you can get an extra two or three points and the interlocutor’s respect.

How to cite an article in an essay

Quotes help the author to confirm or develop his thought and make the text more alive. In this article, we will figure out how to correctly take and issue a quote in your text.

What to take from the original

Cite a logically complete fragment. You can not break off the quote if, in abbreviated form, it changes the meaning.

What you need to check:

1. Is the quotation appropriate? You can not confirm your thought with a quote that contradicts it.

2. Does what has been said in the quotation coincide with the time to which it is given. It is impossible to bring words that were spoken a hundred years ago as an argument to the current state of affairs.

3. Does the meaning of the quotation coincide with the conclusions that the author makes based on it?

How to make a quote

The main rule for the design of quotes is that a reader must understand where it begins and ends. To do this, use quotes or editorial design techniques. Therefore, change the font style, highlighting color, typing on a plate or in a frame.

What punctuation marks to put

If the source of the quote ends with a period, then before your replica put a comma and a dash.

How to cut a quote

You can remove a few words or even sentences from a quotation if the author’s idea is not distorted. But it is important to warn the reader about this. In the place of the omitted words put ellipsis, and in the place of sentences, put an ellipsis in angle brackets. <…>

The ellipsis at the beginning of the phrase is written together with the following word.

How to make an explanation in the quote

If you need to make an explanation in the quote, for example, to decipher an abbreviation or pronoun, then it is written in brackets. If you quote the sentence not at first, then the quotation starts with a lowercase letter. If a quote is embedded in a sentence without a colon, then it begins with a lowercase letter, even if the beginning of the sentence is cited.

How to cite a website in an essay

General citation guidelines:

  • Use only reliable sources of information (websites of official organizations, scientific and educational portals and sites, databases of scientific periodicals and books, media, etc.);
  • Links constitute both electronic resources in general (electronic documents, databases, portals, websites, etc.) and components of electronic resources (sections and parts of electronic records, websites, publications in electronic serials, etc.)
  • The link is given to a specific web page from which the material was taken, and not to the main page of the site.
  • When using resources, carefully review the material’s posting date to avoid quoting outdated data.
  • For remote access electronic resources, provide a note on the access mode, in which instead of the words “Access mode” (or their equivalent in another language), the abbreviation Uniform Resource Locator (Uniform Resource Locator) is used to designate an email address.
  • The date of access to the document is the date when the person linking opened the report, and this document was available. The date of circulation is required, it is given in parentheses, indicating the date, month, and year.
  • It is recommended to use square brackets, inside of which the document number from the list of references and indication of the page from which the quotation was taken.
  • The description of the document in the list of references may be in full or short form, depending on the purpose and the availability of bibliographic information in the text of the document.
  • The list of references does not include regulatory documents, statistical collections, archival materials, newspaper notes without specifying the author, links to sites without specifying specific material. References to such sources are given in footnotes.
  • The link can be active or not at the discretion of the author.
  • If you need to make an explanation in the quote, for example, to decipher an abbreviation or pronoun, then it is written in brackets. If you quote the sentence not at first, then the quotation starts with a lowercase letter. If a quote is embedded in a sentence without a colon, then it begins with a lowercase letter, even if the beginning of the sentence is cited.

How long should a college essay be

An essay is a small volume of scientific work, which presents the author’s own opinion about something, supported by arguments of a theoretical or practical nature.

It is possible to consider an essay as a creative work, but this does not mean that there are no strict requirements for writing an essay. They relate to its structure, design, ways of presenting information, and criteria for evaluating the essay.

Recently, teachers have increasingly begun to ask to write an essay in the framework of the discipline. However, the increasing popularity of this type of student work does not force teachers to write clear requirements for an essay.

Moreover, each of them often has its own vision of how the work should be written, what volume and design are needed. We will try to describe here the most common requirements for writing an essay.

How to write an essay

The first and most important requirement when writing an essay is the relevance of the essay topic. Like any scientific work, it should be carried out on an actual topic, aiming at finding solutions to important problems of our time. The introduction contains a description of the importance of the selected topic. This description should not be too voluminous, 3-4 sentences are enough.

The text is written for any purpose, which is usually indicated in the introduction to each scientific work. In the case of an essay, it is necessary to put forward at the very beginning a certain hypothesis, which is planned to be proved or refuted. A single sentence is enough to indicate a hypothesis.

The most volumetric part of the work is the one where the thoughts of the author are stated. Consider the requirements that are put forward to it:

You must have your own opinion. It is not enough to simply analyze a situation, refer to the opinions of scientists and somehow summarize what is written. It is necessary to formulate your own vision of the problem. Do not forget that we must treat the writing of an essay as creative work. Therefore, as you can see, the essay is a small work, which size never exceeds 4 pages.

How long is an essay

An essay is a small composition in which you must both show your knowledge of the chosen topic and show your ability to think and be logical.

Creating an essay is an extremely interesting and useful activity. The essay genre presupposes freedom of creativity. It allows the author to express thoughts in a free form, to express his point of view, to evaluate subjectively, to highlight the material in an original way. This is a reflection about what we heard, read, or experienced, sometimes it is a conversation out loud, an expression of emotions and imagery. The uniqueness of this genre is that it can be written on any topic and in any style.

The structural requirements for your work are:

1. Relevance.

Write about why you chose this particular topic Do not write too loud and unfounded statements. Clearly argue your opinion about why this topic is important for you, and your opinion why it is included in the program of studying the subject, and why it is relevant now.

Its size is 3-4 sentences.

2. The meaning of the statement.

Expand the meaning of your chosen statement. What do you think the author put into it? Perhaps, behind the chosen aphorism, several meanings and problems are hidden. Label them and select one about which you will talk further in the text.

Its size is 3-4 sentences.

3.  Your position in relation to the statement.

Do you agree with it or disagree?

Its size is 1-2 sentences.

 4. The argumentation of your position.

Argue a position with examples from history, modernity or from your own life. The argument should be written in a strictly theoretical language using the conceptual apparatus (the terminological base on the topic).

Its size is 6-10 sentences.

5. The conclusion.

Sum up your work.

Its size is 2-3 sentences.

Registration of works

Requirements for registration of works are quite simple:

Usually, the size of the essay is one A4 sheet. The maximum amount possible is five sheets. The text is typed in Times New Roman, 14 sizes with 1.5 line spacing (one and a half).